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What Are The 6 Phases Of Building Cx?

What are the 6 Phases of Building Cx?

Quality, Consequences and the Construction Industrial Complex (part 259).

You would think that there is an accepted, codified, commonly practiced commissioning process, you would be wrong.

New building commissioning is everybody and nobodies job. There is no standard practice in delivery, specifications are vague and there are no real consequences for short cuts. What other industry would accept the delivery of multi million dollar assets without real performance testing and verification?

I recently had a long conversation with an industry veteran who after 30 years firmly believes building commissioning is a paperwork exercise after equipment start-up. To prevent myself from drinking heavily, I am writing this as self soothing therapy.

In overview, there are some necessary inputs and a hierarchy of actions when delivering building commissioning.

Necessary Inputs

1. A detailed Cx specification with no vague words or b#llsh!t clauses is essential.
2. Penalties for poor performance and lack of execution.
3. Commissioning Management (CxM). This is required on all projects by people that have expertise plus competence.

Hierarchy of Action – Who Does What, When

1. Installation testing – Executed by contractors – Sample witnessed by design team and/or CxA.
2. Start-up & equipment testing – Executed by contractors & vendors – Verified by design team and/or CxA.
3. Functional performance testing – Executed by contractors & vendors & commissioning team – Verified by design team and/or CxA.
4. Acceptance Testing – Executed by contractors & vendors – Verified by design team and/or CxA – Accepted by the Authority Having Jurisdiction.
5. IST / Verification – Executed by contractors & vendors & commissioning team – Verified by design team and/or CxA.

Definitions That Matter

Commissioning (Cx)
Advancement of a system from a state of static completion to full dynamic operation in accordance with specified requirements. A one time event relating to new construction or new installation.

Commissioning Team
Individuals, who through coordinated actions are responsible for implementing the commissioning process.

Commissioning Management (CxM)
Planning, organization, co-ordination and control of Commissioning activities. A onetime event relating to new construction or new installation.

Certified Commissioning Authority (CxA)
An entity or person identified by the owner and certified by a recognized, independent institution who executes the commissioning process.

Functional Performance Testing (FPT)
Written protocol that defines methods, personnel, and expectations for tests conducted on building systems. FTP is an event. FPT is customized and checks that the system performs per the design intent and specified requirements in accordance with the owners requirements (OPR).

Acceptance Testing
Acceptance testing is a “canned” test that only checks to see if the system meets code or specification.

Contractually defined action that permits an activity to commence or conclude.

Integrated Systems Testing (IST)
Verification of functional performance and inter-connectivity of all systems within the whole building context.

The Commissioning Process

I do not care what ASHRAE, CSA, CIBSE, BCA or ACG say, there are 6 phases in the new building construction commissioning process. Here they are in the diagram below.

If your building matters to you or is in any way mission critical, the 6 commissioning phases above need to be implemented by qualified, technical, competent people.

I feel better now I have got that off my chest…. : )

Twitter: @BLDWhisperer



DCM Inc Advisor

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Related Posts & Links

#200 – Process is not Outcome

#247 – Checklists Don’t Work

#253 – Building Commissioning Bingo!

Edifice Complex Podcast

Podcast on YouTube

Podcast on Spotify

Podcast Website 

#Cx #Cxnomad #RICS #property #edificecomplexpodcast
#ProjectManagement #makingbuildingswork #podcast #CxM
#bluerithm #echoknowsyourbuilding


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